Cricket is a game from the “bat and ball” sports family played worldwide. The roots of cricket are well anchored in the history of England. The first recordings of this type of game date from the beginning of 14th century, when an early form of cricket named “creag” was played by Price Edward, the son of Edward I. For centuries this game survived as a game of children and in late 16th century adults started to play it.
The oldest reference to the name “creckett” dates back from late 16th century but the origin of the game’s name is still on debate due to the lack of compelling evidence. Several recording from the 17th century make reference to cricket saying the sport was played widely in the south-east of England.
Organized high stakes matches and professional players appeared in late 17th century as the game became more and more popular. One century later cricket was already the national sport in England.
The sport developed during 18th century when improvements were made for the ball and the bat. New developments of the game and the appearance of the county clubs marks the 18th century. The expansion of the British Empire contributed to the spread of the sport in India, North America and the Caribbean, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.
The first international cricket match took place in 1844 between United States and Canada and the first Test mach was played in 1877, at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), Australia defeating England by 45 runs.
The beginning of the 20th century is considered the Golden Age of cricket, as many outstanding matches and great players were making history. The limited overs version of cricket was introduced in 1963 and the sport entered a new era. The first Limited Overs International took place in 1971 and the first limited overs Cricket World Cup took place in 1975.
The newest form of cricket is Twenty20 and was introduced in England for inner county competition in 2003. Twenty20 is more attractive for both spectators and television viewers so it immediately became popular enjoying the public appreciation.