Some Important FAQs About Autism with Answers
Autism – or Autism Spectrum Disorder – is one of the most common developmental delays and conditions in the United States. In America, approximately one in every sixty children will be diagnosed with some kind of Autism Spectrum Disorder. Yet autism and related conditions are often some of the most misunderstood in the world.
Here are some of the most commonly asked questions about autism and answers to accompany them:
Who Develops Autism Spectrum Disorders and How?
Studies have found that male children are much more likely to have autism spectrum disorders than female children. There is no known trigger or cause of autism, but the signs of most spectrum disorders are visible between the ages of two and three.
New research has suggested that there may be a link between autism and the male brain, making boys more susceptible to the condition. However, it has been documented in many females over the decades since it’s discovery. What’s more, the occurrence of autism spectrum disorder in girls often leads to more profound symptoms and lower overall functionality and intelligence.
What Autism Spectrum Disorders Exist Other than Autism?
One of the most commonly-documented conditions on the autism spectrum is Asperger’s Syndrome. This is a milder form of autism in which the patient typically exhibits higher functionality and language skills and a normal-range intellect.
Other autism spectrum disorders include:
- Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDDNOS) – This is a disorder in which patient meet most of the criteria for being diagnosed with autism or Asperger’s, but not all of them.
- Rett’s Syndrome – This condition almost uniformly affects females and has been found to be caused by a possible mutation in a single gene.
- Childhood Disintegrative Disorder – This profound condition is responsible for robbing children of everything from verbal to motor skills. Eventually, gross motor skills, bowel, and bladder control are lost, and children typically do not live into adulthood when living with CDD.
How are Autism Spectrum Disorders Treated?
While it may be tempting to believe any healthcare provider or person who claims to offer a one-size-fits-all cure or treatment for autism, this simply isn’t grounded in reality. There is no one correct treatment for autism, but professionals working in autism treatment centers agree that the earlier parents and caregivers can intervene and assist, the better the overall outcomes will be.
The range of options available at your local autism treatment centerwill vary from what can be found at another center. In general, though, you’re likely to find:
- Behavioral modification
- Talk therapy
- Play therapy
- Use of medication
- Coaching on the modification of the home and school environments, and much more
If you have questions about what kind of autism treatment might be best for your child or loved one, talk to your doctor and the professionals at your nearest autism treatment provider. They can help you determine which approaches are best for your situation and which can be added to make things easier on your loved one.
Remember – autism is not something to be cured. It is simply a disability to be overcome, so that those with it can live their best lives!