INDIA’S CHANDRAYAAN 2 MISSION – THINGS TO KNOW
On 7th of September 2019, midnight the entire nation was wide awake to witness Chandrayaan – 2 mission soft landing on the moon. While Chandrayaan two felt short of 2.1 km from its soft landing, it is still a historic moment for India to have witnessed a great and momentous journey of its lander Vikram.
For all those of you who still do not know about the orbiter’s mission and its
design, we have listed down some important points that will help you understand
everything you should know about India’s Chandrayaan 2.
Let us begin by explaining you all about the Chandrayaan 2
India’s Chandrayaan 2 is made up of the lunar orbiter, the Vikram lander, and the
Pragyan lunar rover. All of these have been created & developed in India.
An ambitious mission of India, Chandrayaan 2 aimed to reach where no nation
has gone before. The aim of the ISRO team (Indian Space Research Organisation)
was to soft land Chandrayaan 2 to the south polar region of the moon.
Considered to be one of the most crucial & difficult mission, the true objective
behind this mission is simply to understand the moon in a much better way &
make scientific discoveries that will in future prove to be beneficial for India & the
world. The aim through this mission was to explore the never know dimensions of
Why is this mission so important to India?
You must know that prior to India, USA, China & Russia are the only 3 nations
from around the globe to have successfully landed on the moon.
A great factor about India’s Chandrayaan 2 is that it is far more economical than
the mission previously accomplished by NASA. It costs less than almost 1/20th of
USA’s moon mission in the past. To put it precisely, India has spent only about INR
1000 crores for its mission.
Also the strategic importance of Chandrayaan 2 is that it was to explore the not
known South Pole of the moon. This is the dimension where so far there have
been no lunar landings made.
The historic achievements of Chandrayaan 2
While it is true that Chandrayaan 2 may have been an imperfect mission, let us
not forget that it has achieved several milestones & success throughout its
Chandrayaan 2 captured the first photo of the moon on August 22 nd 2019, a
month after its launch into the space.
Not just this, merely just after 11 days from its launch, ISRO also shared clear
images which were taken from a distance of about 5000 kms. These images
clearly show some parts of the Pacific Ocean.
What would have happened if Chandrayaan 2 landed safely on the moon’s surface?
Lander Vikram (named after India’s well-known & highly acclaimed scientist,
astronomer & physicist Vikram Sarabhai) & Pragyan Rover were said to be active for a period of 14 days. The objective to be achieved by them was to identify the
presence of water & mapping the moon’s surface. Besides this, they were to click
clear images of the moon’s surface that would have helped India analyse the
southern pole of the moon.
The main objective of ISRO was through this mission trying to identify the
presence or possibility of water on the southern region of the moon which has
been completely unexplored and untouched even by sunlight for over millions of
years. This area is also estimated to hold about nearly 100 million tons of water.
The turn of events
While millions of Indians were glued to the television set the entire midnight of
7th September, the soft landing of Lander Vikram did not go as planned. The
lander lost control with the ground stations just 2.1 kms before its landing. ISRO
Chief K. Sivan looked quite dull which gave us all a first indication of all may not
be well with the landing process of Lander Vikram.
An hour later, the ISRO chief made an announcement that the communication
with the lander has been lost.
While this is true we must all also know that Lander Vikram has completed its
rough breaking phase.
This means that while India’s attempt to Soft land on moon’s southern polar
region may have been gone off script, the mission is not a complete failure. We
must know that Chandrayaan 2 orbiter is still operational and will continue to
study the moon for a year from afar. This means that the orbiter is capable
enough to take various pictures of the moon and send it to ISRO for an entire year
which will help us analyse the moon and understand it better.
While ISRO may not have been able to stuck a proper landing on its first attempt
let us also remember that the entire team of ISRO has conducted various
researches & space developments. These developments over the years have given
the nation glory, pride & recognition globally.
Here are some historic achievement of ISRO every Indian must know about:
- Satellite launch vehicle
3. Bacteria species
4. PSLV – C21 rocket
5. Mars orbiter Mission
6. Reaching Mars
7. GLSV MK3
- Launching 104 satellites together
9. GSLV – F09
10. Navigation with Indian constellation
The Indian Research Space Centre has set various such historic records through its
As a nation and a proud Indian it is our responsibility to boost the morale &
confidence of our scientists who have over the years work tirelessly & with
utmost dedication to make our country recognized as a space power.
And so, while the Chandrayaan 2 mission may have partially failed, let us now
encourage the entire team of ISRO who is already been working on its next
mission Gaganyaan (a mission to send a human into orbit) which is set to
commence by 2022.
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