Carpet Cleaning Procedure
1. Hot Water Extraction (Steam Carpet Cleaning)
Although there is an actual steam cleaning industrial process, in the context of carpet cleaning, “steam cleaning” is, in fact, hot water soil extraction cleaning, which is professionally known as HWE. Steam cleaning machine, soap, and water are basically required for this purpose and room should be cleared before that. Fill the machine with hot water and the appropriate amount of soap. Please read the instructions before performing any operation on machine. By making long strips, cross the room back and forth starting from the corner. To dry the carpet, please use fans and allow plenty of drying time.
There are few steps involved in this which are as follows-:
a) Remove everything from the room –
when you remove all papers, toys and general clutter from the floor, carpet cleaning becomes most effective. Clear as much of the floor space as you can by moving all the tables, chairs and furniture out of the room. In case of heavy furniture, protect them from the moisture of the carpet cleaner by placing squares of wax paper, foil, wood blocks, or plastic film under the legs. With the furniture in room, you can’t clean it. In case you do not have separate room, divide the room into two separate sections by moving the furniture to the respective sides. When you are moving the furniture back to its original place, make sure the carpet is dry.
b) Dust the baseboards –
If you don’t dust them beforehand, you might knock off dust when running the steam carpet machine. To remove the dust, you can use the dust cloth with wood polish or the separate duster. Also, to prevent the dust falling on the steam carpet, do proper dusting of the ceiling fans and corners of the ceiling.
c) Vacuum the entire carpet carefully-
Steam cleaners are not for removing hair and larger dirt pieces and are just meant to pull up small dirt particles that are down in the fibres of the carpet. As compared to your earlier efficiency, vacuum the room more slowly. To get as much of the larger debris as possible, it is the good practice to clean the room twice. Use a nozzle attachment to get right up to the baseboards and edges of the room for extra cleaning. Vacuuming also fluffs up the carpet which allows the steamer to clean the fibres more effectively.
d) Use stain remover on specific bad spots –
Before steaming the carpet, treating the stains is always more helpful as steamers can’t always lift deep stains and set-in stains. Its good practice to use a carpet stain remover, or other natural solutions if you prefer. With a cloth, Blot the stain remover up or leave it to be sucked up by the machine with dabbing at the stains with a cloth whenever you do this. Never scrub at stains because this can cause them to work deeper into the carpet.
e) Fill the steam cleaner with hot water –
Most of the machines have a heating mechanism for the water, but using hot water helps. So, make water as hot as possible without but it should not actually be boiling. Don’t overfill the water tank and only put as much water as the machine directs by looking for a max fill line on the water tank. You should always be aware of what type of carpet you are planning to steam clean as some natural fiber carpet can shrink from hot water or be harmed by detergent.
f) Add soap as directed –
Steam cleaners usually use a detergent of some kind, so make sure to check the machine’s instructions to use the right kind. To prevent the soap to cause too much slay in the carpet, only use the amount directed. While Some machines will have a specific compartment where the soap goes, others might direct you to mix the soap into the water.
g) Opt for vinegar over detergent-
Actually what cleans the carpet is not steam nor a detergent or any other cleaner . So, if you are sensitive to chemicals, vinegar is great for cleaning if you want a natural option. Just Mix a 50/50 solution of vinegar with the hot water.
h) Start in a corner –
Find the corner that is diagonal from the door or entrance of the room. slowly work yourself out of the room by first starting cleaning in the corner. You have more freedom regarding where to start in case if the room has an open concept or more than one entrance. Don’t walk on the parts that have already been cleaned whenever you get started
i) Push or pull the machine as directed –
Carpet Steam cleaners Toorak place predicament on the carpet so straightaway sucks up the dirty water whereas another area unit meant to be pushed to put water and once more force back to suck it up. Some others work solely by pushing or solely by propulsion. Before you begin victimization it, it’s necessary to scan the directions for your machine. but the machine works, ensure simply} don’t walk on the carpet that you have got just cleansed. If you want to walk behind the steamer on the wet carpet, do therefore with blank feet therefore on forestall your shoes to depart marks on the carpet.
j) Simply Walk the machine in long lines across the space –
Whenever you create long passes from wall to wall, then steamers area unit handiest. Do walk from corner to the alternative wall and back. If your steamer lays the cleaner water going forward and sucks it up going backward, miss a similar line doubly. never use short, back and forth strokes as you’d with a vacuum. once ever you begin with a brand new line, simply slightly overlap the road before it to therefore on forestall going away any lines of un-cleaned carpet.
k) Move the machine slowly to permit it work –
As Steam cleaners work slower as compared to vacuums, therefore do moderate your speed. Quick propulsion the machine won’t enable time to all suck up the water, which can leave your carpets wetter than they must be. It’s continually higher to travel too slowly than too quick. As you go into lines, a decent rate is taking one step of regarding each a pair of seconds which is able to enable machine many time to figure.
l) Enable the Carpet to Dry Fully –
sometimes traditional carpet takes virtually 6-8 hours to finish dry out; however some might take around 12-24 hours. So, please ensure that during this point, nobody walks on the carpet. If you completely need to, place plastic over your feet to avoid any dirt onto the wet carpet. Do place a sign at the doorway to inform individuals from walking where it’s wet. Place standing fans or floor blowers within the area so that it can dry quickly.
2. Clean Up
Many dry carpet-cleaning systems area unit counting on specialized machines. These systems area unit typically “very low moisture” (VLM) systems, that think about dry compounds complemented by application cleansing solutions, that area unit growing considerably in market share due partially to their terribly fast drying time and it plays a big issue for 24-hour business installations. As compared to wet-extraction systems, dry-cleaning and “very low moisture” systems also are usually quicker and fewer effortful.
a) Dry compound –
A ninety eight perishable or others, slightly damp absorbent improvement compound could also be unfold equally over carpet and brushed or clean in. for tiny areas, a house hand brush will work such a compound into carpet pile; operating like “tiny sponges”, the attracted improvement answer dissolve dirt, dirt and dirt is attracted/absorbed to the compound, once a brief drying time (the improvement answer that is drawn to the compound should evaporate), it’ll be removed with a vacuum, the drier the higher, deed carpet forthwith clean and dry. however it’s extremely troublesome to get rid of all residues, the residues will cause allergies and biological compounds might cause discolorations on carpets. For industrial applications, a specially designed cylindrical counter-rotating brushing system is employed, while not a vacuum. Machine cleaning is a lot of typical; in this hand cleaning usually cleans solely the highest third of carpet.
b) Shampoo –
Wet shampoo improvement with rotary machines, followed by thorough wet vacuming, was widespread till concerning the Seventies, however business perception of shampoo improvement modified with the arrival of encapsulation. Hot-water extraction, conjointly considered desirable by all makers, had not been introduced either. Wet shampoos were once developed from vegetable oil soaps; wet shampoo residues are often foamy or sticky, and steam improvement usually reveals dirt un-extracted by shampoos. Since no rinse is performed, the powerful residue will still collect dirt once improvement, resulting in the misunderstanding that carpet improvement will cause the carpet obtaining “dirtier faster” once the improvement. The simplest methodology is truck mounted quandary extraction. Once these wet-shampoo chemistry standards get born-again from vegetable oil soaps having artificial detergents as a base, the shampoos will get dried to a powder, and untangled dirt would attach to the powder elements, thus requiring vacuuming by the buyer the day once improvement.
3. House Processes
- A) Vacuum –
Vacuum cleaners use air pumps to make partial vacuums to suck up dirt from floors and carpets. Filtering systems or cyclones collect dirt for later disposal however do not essentially improve the machines ability to get rid of dirt from the surface being clean. Fashionable carpet improvement instrumentality use rotary vacuum heads and spray jets to deep clean the carpet through many multi-directional improvement passes. Some add steam and agitation. Models embrace upright (dirty-air and clean-air), canister and backpack, wet-dry and gas, and alternative varieties. Robotic vacuum cleaners have recently become out there.
b) Stain Removal –
Tea leaves and cut grass were at one time common for floor improvement, to gather dirt from carpets, albeit with risks of stains. Ink was removed with lemon or with ethanedioic acid and hart shorn; oil with light bread or with pipe clay; grease fats with turpentine; ox gall and resolving were conjointly general cleaners. Ammonia and chloroform were suggested for acid discoloration. Benzoyl and alum were urged for removing insects; ground and material kind of like cat litter is still common for removing infestations. Over the affected carpet space, candle wax gets removed by inserting a towel and then applying steam from a garments iron till the wax absorbs into the towel. Some other ancient strategies of stain removal stay ecological and prospering. Once treating natural fibers like wool, please be cautious. More the stain material remains within the carpet, more would be the prospect of permanent color amendment, although the entire first stain material gets removed. now and then pets urinate on the carpet and this leads to a nasty odor particularly once it’s hot and wet. The carpet or floor covering is typically taken outside and immersed in water to get rid of such stains. Forth with blotting (not rubbing) the stain material as before long as attainable can facilitate cut back the probabilities of permanent color amendment. Artificial food color stains ar usually thought-about permanent stains. These could also be removed by skilled cleaners or deep improvement rental machines with heat-transfer stain-reducing chemicals, however carry risks of burning the carpet. Stain removal merchandise are often combined with anti-allergen treatments to kill house dirt mites.