Hip replacement is performed when a person is suffering from severe pain due to damaged hip joint or arthritis. In countries like India, Hip replacement is available at a very low cost. The doctors here have years of experience in performing such procedures and thus provided effectual treatment for Hip related problems. Hip replacement surgery in India is quite affordable.
What is Hip Replacement?
Hip replacement is an orthopaedic surgery whereby the damaged parts of the hip joint are replaced with prosthetic implants (artificial parts). The hip replacement surgery is categorized into two: Total replacement also referred to as total hip arthroplasty and the Hemi or half replacement also referred to as hemiarthroplasty. The total hip replacement involves the replacement of both the femoral joint and the acetabulum (hip bone) while the hemiarthroplasty consists of replacing only the femoral head. Nowadays, hip replacement surgery is the most popular orthopaedic operation, although the patient’s short term and long term satisfaction vary widely.
Hip replacement procedure should be carried out when the hip joint is experiencing painful symptoms that can no longer be controlled through medicinal treatment. Depending on the severity of the hip damage, your surgeon will recommend a total hip replacement or a hemiarthroplasty.
The primary reason for hip replacement is considered as Joint failure. Joint failure can result from Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Traumatic arthritis, avascular necrosis, Hip fractures, protrusion acetabuli, Bone Tumors, Malignant and Benign.
Alternatives to Hip Surgery
The first alternative to hip replacement can be referred to as conservative management. Before a doctor concludes whether to perform a hip replacement surgery, the doctor will try other methods. These methods are exercise, walking aids and medication. Taking part in exercises will strengthen the hip joint muscles while walking aids such as walkers and canes may relieve stress from the painful and damaged hips hence delaying or avoiding surgery.
For patients who experience hip joint pain without inflammation, the doctor will recommend analgesic medication acetaminophen. On the other hand, for patients with hip joint pains with inflammation, treatment involves the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Another alternative is hip resurfacing. This is a minor surgical procedure that involves the placement of a cobalt chrome metal cap over the femur head while another similar metal cup is fixed in the pelvis socket (Acetabulum). The metal cup placed on the pelvis socket replaces the articulating surface of the hip joint by removing little bone material. The metal cup is hollow with a mushroom shape.
Viscosupplementation is another alternative to hip substitution procedure. This involves the injection of artificial lubricants into the hip joint. An example of these lubricants is hyaluronan. This lubricant can also serve as a pain reliever.
These are some possible alternatives to hip replacement. However, in most the surgery is inevitable and the patient has to go through the surgical procedure. Therefore, if you are also prescribed to undergo this procedure, have a thorough discussion with your surgeon about the details of the surgery. Get to know even minute details about pre and post-surgical procedures in order to achieve successful completion. Discuss Hip Replacement Surgery price in India in order to maintain your budget. If you are in India, then your stress reduces as doctors here provide complete guidance to the patients to offer optimum satisfaction. This is the reason why a large number of people for Medical Tourism in India.